Τετάρτη, 31 Αυγούστου 2016

Brexit: Γιατί θα αργήσει να βγει η Βρετανία από την Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση

Brexit: Γιατί θα αργήσει να βγει η Βρετανία από την Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση
Η πραγματική αποχώρηση της Μεγάλης Βρετανίας από την Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωσημπορεί να μετατεθεί στα τέλη του 2019 ή ακόμη και το 2020 γράφει η Sunday Times.
Η εφημερίδα επικαλείται δύο βασικούς λόγους, τόσο τις δυσκολίες που αντιμετωπίζει η βρετανική κυβέρνηση να στελεχώσει με κατάλληλο προσωπικό τις υπηρεσίες που θα διαπραγματευθούν το Brexit, όσο και τις εκλογές στη Γαλλία και τη Γερμανία.

Η μυστική βάση των Ναζί στην Ανταρκτική(?)


mustikh-vash-ton-nazi-sthn-antarikh
Η πρώτη γερμανική αποστολή στην Ανταρκτική ήταν η Εκστρατεία Gauss το 1901 – 1903, με επικεφαλής τον βετεράνο στην Αρκτική και τη γεωλογία καθηγητή Erich von Drygalski, και ήταν η πρώτη φορά που χρησιμοποιήθηκε ένα αερόστατο για εναερία παρατήρηση στην Ανταρκτική.
Η δεύτερη γερμανική αποστολή στην Ανταρκτική ήταν το 1911-1912 με τον Wilhelm Filchner, που είχε στόχο την διέλευση της Ανταρκτικής για να μάθουν αν υπήρχαν κομμάτια γης χωρίς πάγο. Η τρίτη ήταν η Νέα Σουηβία 1938 (Neuschwabenland), που άρχισε να εξερευνάται από τη Γερμανία στις 17 Δεκεμβρίου 1938.

Η ΑΦΡΟΔΙΤΗ ΔΕΝ ΗΤΑΝ ΠΑΝΤΑ ΚΟΛΑΣΗ! Μπορεί κάποτε να ήταν κατοικήσιμη σαν τη Γη

venus_and-earth1
Η Αφροδίτη, που σήμερα αποτελεί μια σκέτη καυτή κόλαση, κάποτε μπορεί να είχε τελείως διαφορετικές συνθήκες και να ήταν για καιρό κατοικήσιμη όπως και η Γη, σύμφωνα με νέες εκτιμήσεις επιστημόνων της Αμερικανικής Διαστημικής Υπηρεσίας (NASA), οι οποίες όμως βασίζονται σε κλιματικά μοντέλα με τη βοήθεια υπολογιστών και όχι σε απτά δεδομένα.


Οι επιστήμονες, με επικεφαλής τον Μάικλ Γουέι του Ινστιτούτου Διαστημικών Μελετών Γκόνταρντ της NASA, που έκαναν τη σχετική δημοσίευση στο περιοδικό ‘Geophysical Research Letters” της Αμερικανικής Γεωφυσικής Ένωσης, θεωρούν πιθανό ότι κατά τα πρώτα δύο δισεκατομμύρια χρόνια ύπαρξης της Αφροδίτης υπήρχε ένας ρηχός ωκεανός με νερό, ενώ οι θερμοκρασίες ήσαν πολύ πιο χαμηλές από ό,τι σήμερα.

Miyazaki-Inspired Jet Glider Flies Before Crowds In Japan

If this is as close as we get to a real-life Studio Ghibli universe, we're in. (via Popular Science)
Valley of the win
popsci.com|Από Kelsey D. Atherton

Τρίτη, 30 Αυγούστου 2016

World's only single-piece 2nd century Caracalla statue discovered in southern Turkey

DAILY SABAH
ISTANBUL
Published August 2, 201
DHA Photo
Archeologists in Turkey's southern Antalya province discovered what is allegedly the only one-piece statue of Second Century Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, also referred to as 'Caracalla.'
According to Doğan News Agency, the statue was found during the excavation and restoration project of the Ancient City of Perga, located in Aksu district, Antalya, which has been carried out by Antalya Museum since 2012.
World's only single-piece 2nd century Caracalla statue discovered in southern Turkey
It was claimed that the statue of Caracalla found during the excavation is the only statue of the emperor remaining as a whole. Beside the massive 2.2-meter statue of the Roman emperor stands a small statue of a soldier, indicating Caracalla's glory and status at the time.

Δευτέρα, 29 Αυγούστου 2016

Viking warriors were buried with board games for recreational ‘diversion’ in the afterlife


vikings-board-games-recreation-afterlife_1
By early 9th century, the Orkney Islands, an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, pretty much became the headquarters for pirate raids and expeditions mounted by the Vikings against both Norway and mainland Scotland. In fact, the area later became embroiled in the dynastic politics of the Norsemen, and as such was under Norse (and later Norwegian) rule till 1472 AD. Suffice it to say, the archipelago is home to a flurry of Viking archaeological sites and specimens. And now a Scottish academic, Mark Hall of Perth Museum, has unveiled how at least two of these burial sites in Orkney contain board games that accompanied the body of the occupant. According to the researcher, these board games were arrayed alongside the warrior to symbolically provide him with ‘entertainment’ even in his afterlife.

Interestingly, these Orkney burials are just two among the 36 board game burials of Vikings that are spread across Northern Europe. In any case, focusing on the Orkney ones, one of the burials from the 9th century Rousay site consisted of one male who was accompanied by 25 game pieces made of bones. The other burial at the Sanday site was a tad elaborate, with its occupants comprising one adult male, a young boy and an elderly woman – all of whom were accompanied by 22 game pieces made of whalebone. Hall made it clear –

Κυριακή, 28 Αυγούστου 2016

20 Gut Wrenching Images Of Kids of War




Damian Lucjan



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Wars are always started by the adults, but not just adults take part in it. War does not spare anyone, so armed kids aren’t a rare occurrence. Sometimes they are orphans, sometimes volunteers or they were simply forced to serve in the army. One thing is certain; war often destroyed their future or literally their lives.
Children have often been pressed into conflicts throughout history. They have fought in wars as soldiers, both girls and boys. It was very common in some countries for children to fight in wars, right up into the Twentieth Century.

Σάββατο, 27 Αυγούστου 2016

The Last Shogun – First Shots of the Boshin War


 Barney Higgins
 
Samurai of the Satsuma clan during the Boshin War, by pioneering military photographer Felice Beato (Wikipedia)
 


On the 27th of January, 1868, the army of the Shogunate was marching toward Kyoto. For more than a quarter of a century, the Tokugawa Shoguns had ruled Japan in peace, but now the country was once again in turmoil. Foreigners had come to Japan, Dutch, British and French, and modern European weaponry and training had for the first time become influential in the land of the rising sun. It was a turbulent time.
Japan’s politics had split the country. The young Emperor and the Shogunate were at odds, and the Emperor had caused the last Shogun to resign his post. However, the Shogun’s abdication was not enough to satisfy the clan leaders under whose influence the Emperor was acting.
They called a meeting and declared that the very title of ‘Shogun’ was to be abolished. Tokugawa Yoshinobu, the recently abdicated Shogun, was to be stripped of all lands and titles. Yoshinobu was understandably distraught at this, and moved in force toward Kyoto, ostensibly to deliver a letter of protest to the Emperor.
His army was made up of troops from four different allied clans, and their gear reflected the rapid changes Japan was undergoing at the time. There were soldiers of the old style, colourfully dressed, elaborately armoured Samurai with pikes and spears, bows and curved swords, but also there were units of line infantry armed with rifles in the western style. Yoshinobu was not expecting a battle, but as his army approached the seat of power, the city of Kyoto, they found their advance opposed by entrenched troops of the Satsuma clan.

Παρασκευή, 26 Αυγούστου 2016

The Only Submarine Sunk By a Dump on the Toilet – U-1206


Joris Nieuwint
 
Image of the U-1206 via Buchandivers.com
 


The U-1206 was commissioned on March 16, 1944 and a type 7C U-boat. This type U-Boat was equipped with a new type of toilet designed to allow the submarine to dive deeper and avoid Allied attack. It was a very complicated high pressure valve system which required special training to use them.
After being commissioned, under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Günther Fritze, the submarine took part in training exercises with the 8th U-boat Flotilla until July 1944 when it was assigned to the 11th U-boat Flotilla. Command was handed over to Kapitänleutnant Karl-Adolf Schlitt. The boat was then fitted with a Schnorchel underwater-breathing apparatus before being released for patrol duties.
For the U-Boat Crews that served on submarines life was not only very dangerous, the life expentency wasn’t good at all, it was also unpleasant. A Submarine isn’t large and the space is mostly filled up with machinery leaving little space for the crew. Typically there were only two toilets (heads) on board and one of them was often used to store food for the (hopefully) long journeys, leaving only one toilet for the entire crew to share.

Πέμπτη, 25 Αυγούστου 2016

See 6 Incredible World War II Photos In Color

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T&P on Facebook
Artist Marina Amaral takes historical black and white photos and colorizes them, shedding a whole new light on war.
Up through World War II, most photos taken were only shown in black and white. But now, thanks to Brazilian artist Marina Amaral, we are able to glimpse history through a new lens — in color.
“I’ve always been passionate about history and very interested in World War II,” Amaral told Task & Purpose.
She said she began to experiment with Photoshop when she was a child, but it was just a hobby, never anything serious. However, she said, “One day I found a few colorizations on the internet, by accident, and I was fascinated by the possibility to transform my two passions into one single thing.”
But the colorizations are no easy feat, she added.
“It’s like a traditional painting,” she said. “Research, lots of layers of different colors and many hours of patience. Every single pixel is colored by hand — there is nothing automatic in the process.”
Lucky for us, Amaral was kind enough to share six stunning World War II photos with Task & Purpose.

Τετάρτη, 24 Αυγούστου 2016

20 Things You Didn’t Know About Hadrian’s Wall


Andrew Knighton
 
 


Though long since reduced to ruins, the line of Hadrian’s Wall is still visible through the countryside of northern England, from Bowness on the west coast to Wallsend on the east coast. It remains one of the most impressive and fascinating accomplishments of Rome’s skilled military engineers. Here are some facts you might not know about the Roman Empire’s most northerly line of defence.

Nazi Germany's Battleship Bismarck vs. America's Iowa Class: Who Wins?


USS Missouri arrives in Pearl Harbor, 1998. Wikimedia Commons/U.S. Navy
A World War II showdown that never was.
Printer-friendly version Despite the vast scope of the Second World War, the navies of the United States and Nazi Germany fought few, if any, direct surface engagements. By the time of America’s entry into the war the Royal Navy had already sunk or neutralized the lion’s share of Hitler’s Kriegsmarine, with only Hitler’s U-boats remaining a substantial German threat.

Nikitin-Shevchenko IS-1

Nikitin-Shevchenko IS-1
Perhaps the most innovatory single-seat fighter to undergo flight testing in the late 'thirties was the IS-1. Polymorphic in concept in that it could translate from biplane to monoplane configuration and back again in the air, the IS-1 (Istrebitel Skladnoi or folding fighter) was conceived by Vladimir V Shevchenko and designed in collaboration with Vasili V Nikitin. The IS-1 was intended to take-off as an unequal-span biplane, subsequently retracting its main wheels pneumatically into the lower wing and then folding this wing (again pneumatically), the centre section into recesses in the fuselage sides and the outer panels into shallow depressions in the upper wing. Theoretically, the lower wing could be extended during combat to increase manoeuvrability. The IS-1 was powered by a 1,100hp Shvetsov M-63 nine-cylinder radial and carried an armament of four 7.62mm ShKAS machine guns. Construction was all metal and the prototype was flown for the first time on 6 November 1940, the lower wing being successfully retracted and extended within 7-10 seconds during subsequent trials. Refinement of the basic design for series production had meanwhile re- suited in the IS-2, only one prototype of the IS-1 being completed.

Τρίτη, 23 Αυγούστου 2016

5 Legendary Military Units


 Julia Dzhak

Lifting of the Siege of Malta by Charles-Philippe Larivière (1798–1876). Hall of the Crusades, Palace of Versailles.



From the beginning of the 13th till the end of the 18th centuries, we can safely pick these five legendary units. These warrior units participated in numerous battles and proved time and time again they were a force like no other. Some of them even met each other in battle.

Δευτέρα, 22 Αυγούστου 2016

Anti- Brexit snd Eduationευ (collection of aricles)

Α)Post-war fantasies and Brexit: the delusional view of Britain’s place in the world

FinnClaims about Britain’s past are made regularly in the referedum debate. But claims about Britain’s historical place in the world – courageously standing alone, being outnumbered and outgunned but in the end outperforming everyone – are not based on fact, writes Mike Finn. These myths could nonetheless have very real consequences: this is the self-image that the Brexit campaign portray and which many think they will revive by voting to Leave.
It is perhaps unsurprising that Michael Gove, who as former Education Secretary trumpeted the virtues of ‘our island story’ in the history curriculum, should have emerged as a leader of the Brexit campaign. Nor is it surprising that Boris Johnson, who penned a book to situate himself in comparison with Winston Churchill, should do the same. Both consider themselves to be historians of sorts, articulating Britain’s place in the world in historical terms. But the visions of Britain’s past they draw on are rooted in myth, not history, and this has implications for the decision they are asking us to take.
The ‘standing alone’ myth
For Gove and Johnson, Britain is the nation who stood alone in 1940, a great nation, heir to Anglo-Saxon culture and ‘first in the world for soft power’, owing to Britain’s supposed ‘invention’ of representative democracy. For Johnson, Churchill was a man of ‘vast and almost reckless moral courage’, the encapsulation of all that is good about Britain, not least British pluck. As Gove puts it, those who believe that the prospect of Brexit is a terrible idea are actually arguing that Britain is ‘too small and too weak…to succeed without Jean-Claude Juncker looking after us.’ Johnson went further, comparing the European project to Hitler’s attempt at territorial domination. Both agree that, as in 1940, Britain can, and should, stand alone.

Hidden Boneyard in Greece with German Ju-52, Stuka, C-47 and Lockheed F-104 Starfighter

 Hans Wiesman

 
 
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In this Dakota Hunter Blog, you will read about a weird boneyard aka a Museum collection of aircraft to be restored in Tatoi, Greece. Until recently, this unique collection of wartime and post-wartime aircraft was kept strictly “closed” or only accessible with a special permit.

For years, it seemed that the Greek Military Authorities had a near- paranoia approach toward “Peeping Toms” who with cameras tried to film/photograph the vintage aircraft on Greek Air Force bases (AFBs).
It was since long time known to me that the Hellenic Air Force (HAF) still had a fleet of aging, out phased C-47s/ Dakotas standing there on their AFB, rotting away in open air.
I even tried once via the Military Attache of the Dutch Embassy to launch a serious effort to visit their AFB and hoped with that to get an entry to purchase their surplus parts.
All those efforts were in vain and I lost my interest, as I could harvest with more ease the C-47 surplus stocks of other Air Forces in the world.

Κυριακή, 21 Αυγούστου 2016

Byzantine Empire—or Republic?


The Byzantine Republic: People and Power in New Rome, Anthony Kaldellis, Harvard University Press, 312 pages

Nikephoros III Botaniates, Byzantine emperor /  Wikimedia Commons
Nikephoros III Botaniates, Byzantine emperor / Wikimedia Commons
The textbooks say the Byzantine Empire was a theocratic autocracy uniting church and state under an all-powerful emperor believed by the Byzantines to be God’s viceroy and vicar. Nonsense, says Anthony Kaldellis, professor of classics at Ohio State University. The Byzantine Empire was a continuation of the Roman Empire and even of the Roman Republic. Its political ideology was fundamentally secular and grounded in the ancient Roman republican belief that government exists to serve the common good. Its people no longer had a legal role in the election of leaders or legislators, but they often played an extralegal role in the making and unmaking of emperors, whose legitimacy depended on popularity and not on a claim of divine right or constitutional correctness. Emperors therefore ruled pragmatically and not fanatically, often disappointing the Church to please the people.

Σάββατο, 20 Αυγούστου 2016

Dimitros: The Greek ghost shipwreck floating abandoned for 30 years …


Dimitrios is a Greek shipwreck famous due to its picturesque location on an easily accessible sandy beach near Gythio, Greece.
Dimitrios (previously named Klintholm), a small, 67-metre (220-foot) cargo ship of 965 gross tons cargo capacity built in 1950, was registered in the Prefecture of Piraeus, registration no. 2707. The ship belonged 76.75% to the Molaris Brothers (Greek: Αφοί Μόλαρη) and 23.25% to the Matsinos Brothers (Greek Αφοί Ματσινού). Dimitrios has been stranded on the beach at Valtaki (Greek Βαλτάκι) in today′s Evrotas municipality in the prefecture of Laconia, Greece, since 23 December 1981.

Source Zeitfixierer/FLickr
Source Zeitfixierer/Flickr

Παρασκευή, 19 Αυγούστου 2016

Archaeologists have possibly discovered the largest ancient settlement in South Caucasus


largest-ancient-city-south-caucasus_2
Last year in 2015, archaeologists were surprised by their findings at the Didnauri complex, in southeast Georgia. Their excavations within the parameters of the ancient site, which encompasses a substantially long 1-mile wall (around 23 ft wide), revealed a wealth of artifacts – ranging from stone weapons, ceramic objects to bronze tools. In fact, the sheer scale of the urbanized area (gauged by satellite images), dating from around 10th-11th century BC, convinced the researchers that they were dealing with the largest ancient settlement in South Caucasus. And now the archaeologists have further established the significance of the Didnauri site, as evidenced by the discoveries of an entire water supply system, buildings specifically created for ritualistic purposes, and a grave of ancient military commander who had an arrowhead sticking to his thorax region.

Πέμπτη, 18 Αυγούστου 2016

AMX-10 PAC 90


Tank destroyer

AMX-10 PAC 90
The AMX-10 PAC 90 fire support vehicle was capable of taking anti-tank combat
 
 
Entered service 1979
Crew 3 + 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 14.5 t
Length (gun forward) ?
Hull length 5.87 m
Width 2.83 m
Height 2.73 m
Armament
Main gun 90-mm rifled
Barrel length 52 calibers
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm
Maximum rate of fire ?
Elevation range - 8 to + 15 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 30 rounds
Machine guns 3 200 rounds
Mobility
Engine Hispano Suiza HS 115
Engine power 280 hp
Maximum road speed 65 km/h
Amphibious speed on water  2 / 8 km/h
Range 600 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.7 m
Trench 1.6 m
Fording Amphibious
   The AMX-10 PAC 90 is a dedicated fire support and anti-tank variant of the AMX-10P infantry fighting vehicle. Its production commenced in 1979. This vehicle is in service with France, Brazil and possibly some other countries.
   This fire support vehicle was designed to operate alongside the main battle tanks and infantry fighting vehicles. At the time of its introduction it was capable of taking anti-tank combat, however by current standards its armament its too week to knock out a modern MBT. It was also intended as a reconnaissance and infantry support vehicle.

AMX-10P


AMX-10P
AMX-10-IMG 1468.jpg
AMX-10P
Type Infantry fighting vehicle
Place of origin France
Service history
Wars Gulf War
Production history
Produced 1973–present
Specifications
Weight 14.2 tonnes
Length 5.85 m
Width 2.78 m
Height 2.57 m
Crew 3 crew + 8 troops

Armour Frontal armour resistant against 23 mm API from 300 m
Main
armament
20mm automatic cannon M693 F1 (800 rounds)
Secondary
armament
7.62mm co-axial machine gun (2,000 rounds)
Engine Hispano-Suiza HS 115
280 hp (210 kW)
Power/weight 19.7 hp/tonne
Suspension Torsion bar
Operational
range
600 km
Speed 65 km/h
The AMX-10P is a French infantry fighting vehicle. It was developed after 1965 to replace the AMX-VCI in French service; the first prototypes were completed in 1968. It has NBC protection and amphibious capabilities, with hydro jets to swim in water. The AMX-10P has been operated in the past by France, the United Arab Emirates, Greece, Indonesia, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and Mexico.

Byzantine Transfer of Population policy



"In 941 the entire Arab tribe of Banu H'abid, discontented apparently with the (ruling) Hamdanids, emigrated from the region of Nisibis in Mesopotamia and came to settle in the Byzantine Empire. The new arrivals numbered 12,000 horsemen and brought with them, besides their families,  their slaves, flocks and all their transportable goods. They were followed, in addition, by many of their neighbors. Once in Byzantine territory, they embraced Christianity, enrolled in the Byzantine army, and in return were given lands, animals, clothes and even some precious objects" -

Τετάρτη, 17 Αυγούστου 2016

DNA of ancient Phonecian boy suggests a new model of human migration




The findings of a recent study backed by DNA evidence is shedding new light on the genetic origins of perhaps the most celebrated civilization that once thrived in the Middle East. The researchers have successfully sequenced the first complete genome of 2500 years old remains of a young man discovered in Carthage. The Sequencing revealed that the ancient boy’s genome contains a rare European hunter gatherer genes; the finding has the potential to trigger the rewrite of the migration pattern of ancient Europeans into the North African region.



Location of Phoenicia
Location of Phoenicia.Source
Researchers claim that the finding is significant as it could shed light on the scope and tendency of ancient people’s movement across continents.

Τρίτη, 16 Αυγούστου 2016

Stilicho


07.25.2016 3288888804


"The celestial gift, which Achilles obtained, and Alexander envied, of a poet worthy to celebrate the actions of heroes, has been enjoyed by Stilicho in a much higher degree than might have been expected from the declining state of genius, and of art." -Edward Gibbon, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire



Magister Militum Flavius Stilicho was the last great hero of the Western Roman Empire.  At a time when all of the noble Patrician fat cat losers around him were busy being a bunch of obnoxious, lazy, back-stabbing sycophants more obsessed with slaves, jewelry, and top-shelf hair products, this old-school stoic honor-bound barbarian-smiting warhammer of Imperial justice was out there proving that even though she was dying and decaying from the inside, the blood of Caesar, Scipio, Marius, and Agrippa still coursed through the veins of Roman Empire.  He rose from the rank-and-file of the Roman Legions to serve on the Emperor’s bodyguard, marry the Emperor’s daughter, take command of all Roman armed forces, and then defended the Eternal City from barbarian invaders at the gates not once but twice despite being underfunded, outnumbered, and having every single logistical problem in the Ancient World kicking him in the balls every time he tried to take a leak.  In twenty years of military service to the Empire this dude fought off unstoppable hordes of rampaging enemy soldiers with a handful of legionnaires cobbled together at the last minute, and he defended the realm without ever sacrificing his personal honor or his duty to the Emperor.  Nowadays he goes down in history as the last great warrior of Rome, and his tragic death marks the end of the Western Empire as we know it.

Δευτέρα, 15 Αυγούστου 2016

Nakam – The Jewish Revenge Plan to Kill off Six Million Germans




 Nikola Budanovic




The origins of Nakam, or Revenge in Hebrew, comes from the United Partisan Organization that was based in the Vilna Ghetto, Lithuania, during WWII. Established in January 1942, this was also the first clandestine resistance organization, in a Jewish ghetto in Nazi-occupied Europe.
Their motto was: “We will not allow them to take us like sheep to the slaughter”, which became the basis of their struggle against the systematic elimination of the Jews in Lithuania and Europe. The leading figure of the movement was a Jewish poet and writer, Abba Kovner.  His first lieutenants were Rozska Korczak and Vitka Kempner.

Κυριακή, 14 Αυγούστου 2016

5th-Century Mosaic Adorned with Elephants and Cupids


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5th-Century Mosaic Adorned with Elephants and Cupids
A section of the mosaic showing an elephant discovered in 2013. This section is part of the larger mosaic exposed in summer 2015.
Credit: Jim Haberman
Stunning mosaics have turned up during an archaeological dig of a fifth-century synagogue in northern Israel.
Tiny earth-hued stones in the mosaics swirl to form images of women surrounded by cupids holding discs, mythological creatures, a rooster, expressive theater masks and symbols of Dionysus (Bacchus), the Greco-Roman god of wine. And painted ivy crawls up columns covered with plaster. These recent discoveries add context and scenes to previously uncovered mosaics and inscriptions on the same and adjacent panels.

Σάββατο, 13 Αυγούστου 2016

Detainees beaten, tortured and raped after failed Turkey coup, Amnesty says


Tens of thousands of supporters of Turkey's ruling and main opposition parties rallied together in support of democracy







Human rights group Amnesty International says it has received credible evidence of detainees in Turkey being subjected to beatings and torture, including rape, since last week's failed coup attempt.
"It is absolutely imperative that the Turkish authorities halt these abhorrent practices and allow international monitors to visit all these detainees in the places they are being held," said Amnesty's Europe director John Dalhuisen in a statement.

Παρασκευή, 12 Αυγούστου 2016

UK Brexit: Could Cyprus inspire pro-EU Scotland?




An experience from the opposite end of Europe might influence Scotland's bid to remain in the EU during the UK's Brexit negotiations.
Cyprus joined the EU in 2004. Yet the island's breakaway, Turkish-controlled north is not internationally recognised, and EU laws don't apply there.
The UK's sovereign military bases in Cyprus are also outside the EU and have a special status.
The EU showed flexibility for Cyprus. It might do the same for Scotland and Northern Ireland, where majorities voted Remain (62% and 55.8%, respectively).

2 Αυγούστου 1944:Το Ολοκαύτωμα των Τσιγγάνων


tsigg
Από την Ελένη Καρασαββίδου
Βερολίνο 1933. Η Νύχτα των Κρυστάλλων.  Το ναζιστικό καθεστώς προωθεί μια κοινωνική συνοχή στηριγμένη στο ναρκισσισμό του «εθνικού εμείς», καθιστώντας την κοινωνία πρόθυμη να υπερασπιστεί με κάθε τρόπο τη φυλετική της καθαρότητα. Τα πρόσωπα (και άρα οι πολίτες) κρύβονταν συχνά πίσω από την απρόσωπη άρεια συλλογική ψυχή, επενδύοντας στα γυμνασμένα σώματα των μαχητών και στην αδρή «καθαρότητα» του δημόσιου χώρου βασικές κοινωνικές και ψυχολογικές προσδοκίες τους, αλλά και τις εξατομικευμένες ευθύνες τους.
Στο καθεστώς αυτό συνοδεύουν λίγο λίγο τους Εβραίους στη φρικιαστική πορεία του «αποδιοπομπαίου τράγου» οι αριστεροί, αρκετοί φιλελεύθεροι, οι ομοφυλόφιλοι, τα άτομα με ειδικές ανάγκες και οι Αθίγγανοι. Μια κοινωνία καθαρών που στο όνομα της καθαρότητας βρωμίζει πιο πολύ από κάθε άλλη φορά, πετώντας «ακάθαρτους»(!) ανθρώπους στα στρατόπεδα όπως τα άπλυτα ρούχα σε μια βιαστική επίσκεψη στο πίσω μέρος της ντουλάπας.

Πέμπτη, 11 Αυγούστου 2016

For 59 Days 30 Russian Soldiers Were Under Siege In This House, They Never Surrendered


 Nikola Budanovic
 
Left: Pavlov's House. By Unknown - Russian State Military Archive, Public Domain. Right: Yakov Pavlov, By Soviet military photographer - Public Domain
 


The Battle of Stalingrad might be one of the best-known battles of WWII. The siege of the city that lasted from 23rd of August, 1942 to the 2nd of February, 1943 saw several power shifts between confronted sides. The Soviets declared it their definitive mission to withstand the Axis push at Stalingrad ― the city that bore the name of their leader, Joseph Stalin. Hitler saw the symbolic potential too and insisted on capturing the city, no matter the cost. Street fights raged for months while snipers scanned the devastated landscape in search of any sign of life. Every house was a battleground. Apartment buildings were taken and lost by storm, in a matter of hours, even minutes. Life lost all value on the streets of Stalingrad as the Soviets believed in their superior numbers and pushed forward, losing hundreds of thousands of soldiers. On the strategic chessboard, those were the days when it was all or nothing.

Τετάρτη, 10 Αυγούστου 2016

12 things you should know about the ancient Roman gladiators


12-facts-ancient-roman-gladiators
Often viewed as the working class heroes of the Roman society, the gladiators have surely seen their fair share of screen time in our modern-day popular media. However, beyond grand spectacles and bloody feats, the very nature of gladiatorial contests alluded to the ‘institutionalization of violence‘ ingrained in the Roman society since its tribal days. So, without further ado, let us take a gander at twelve such incredible things you should know about the Roman gladiators that go beyond the realm of glitzy fiction to account for brutal reality.

Mία γενιά από ηλίθιους; – Εξαιρετικό άρθρο ενός 14χρονου νέου που όλοι πρέπει να διαβάσουν


Όσο και αν είναι επώδυνο για μένα, δυστυχώς ανήκω σε αυτήν τη γενιά. Αναφέρομαι βεβαίως, βεβαίως στη γενιά ανθρώπων που έχουν γεννηθεί στην Ελλάδα την περίοδο από 1998 και πάνω. Μια γενιά που μεγάλωσε με σύντροφο την τεχνολογία. Μία γενιά που πήρε τελείως διαφορετικό δρόμο από την προηγούμενη, μια πορεία που ίσως δεν είναι αναστρέψιμη. Τι συμβαίνει λοιπόν με αυτή τη νέα γενιά;
Ποιος ή τι ευθύνεται τελικά για αυτήν την κατάληξη; Ευθύνεται η υπερβολική «δόση» τεχνολογίας που έχουν λάβει τα σημερινά παιδιά, χωρίς να γνωρίζουν πως να την χειρίζονται και να την αξιοποιούν ώστε να αποκομίσουν τα οφέλη της; Ή μήπως ευθύνεται η στάση και η διαπαιδαγώγηση των γονέων προς τα παιδιά; Γιατί σίγουρα δεν φταίει μόνο το διαδίκτυο και το Facebook για αυτήν τη κατάσταση που επικρατεί σήμερα. Γιατί πραγματικά είναι τρομακτική… Ας αρχίσουμε λοιπόν…

Τρίτη, 9 Αυγούστου 2016

Unique Soviet T-34 tank recovered from river in south Russia

The armored vehicle that had stayed at the river bottom for more than half a century endured the operation well.
tass.ru

6 Αυγούστου 1945 – Ο χρόνος σταμάτησε στη Χιροσίμα.



h2Ώρα 8:15. Το πρωινό της 6ης Αυγούστου για την Ιαπωνική πόλη Χιροσίμα 
των 300.000 κατοίκων είναι πολύ διαφορετικό από τις υπόλοιπες 365 μέρες του χρόνου. 

Ένα εκτυφλωτικό φως και μια λάβα από καυτό σύννεφο καπνού που ταξίδευε 
με απίστευτα μεγάλες ταχύτητες συνέτριψε και απανθράκωσε 
σε κλάσματα δευτερολέπτου πάνω από 70.000 αθώες και ανυποψίαστες ψυχές  προκαλώντας τον μεγαλύτερο όλεθρο στην ιστορία της ανθρωπότητας.

«Μείνετε πιστοί στην Πατρίδα και πιστοί δούλοι του Θεού» – Επιθανάτια λόγια του Μάρκου Μπότσαρη 8 Αυγούστου 1823



Σαν σήμερα έγινε η Μαχη στο Κεφαλόβρυσο Καρπενησίου – την νύχτα της 8ης Αυγούστου 1823 – κατά την οποία τραυματίζεται θανάσιμα ο Μάρκος Μπότσαρης, ο οποίος απετελούσε σύμβολο ενότητας των αγωνιζομένων Ελλήνων, και πεθαίνει την επόμενη μέρα. Τα τελευταία λόγια του ήταν«Αδέλφια, εγώ έκαμα το χρέος μου και πεθαίνω ευχαριστημένος. Μείνετε πιστοί στην Πατρίδα και πιστοί δούλοι του Θεού. Αφήστε με και τρεχάτε εκείνα που εγώ άρχισα»

Η ΜΑΧΗ

Οι ταρσανάδες της Σάμου – Τα καΐκια που έφτιαχναν οι Έλληνες τεχνίτες


kaiki

Οι Σαμιώτες φημίζονταν για τη ναυπηγική τους τέχνη. Σε κάθε σαμιώτικο λιμανάκι, στο Πυθαγόρειο, το Κοκκάρι, το Καρλόβασι, στον όρμο του Μαραθοκάμπου, στον Άγιο Ισίδωρο και σε διάφορα άλλα σημεία του νησιού, υπήρχε και ένας ταρσανάς όπου ναυπηγούνταν τρεχαντήρια, βάρκες και καΐκια.

Titanic’s last lifeboat: Contained three rotting bodies – including a man still in his dinner jacket – was found 200 miles by passing liner a month later a …


 
Collapsible Boat B, found adrift by the ship Mackay-Bennett during its mission to recover the bodies of those who died in the disaster. source
Collapsible Boat B, found adrift by the ship Mackay-Bennett during its mission to recover the bodies of those who died in the disaster. source
Reported in the newspapers as the ‘unsinkable’, the Titanic perished on April 15, 1912 leaving a trail of death and destruction. The unfortunate disaster took place in the middle of North Atlantic Ocean some 400 miles south of Newfoundland, Canada.
When the wreckage of the doomed ship was first discovered in 1985, a new research commenced into the disaster opening new avenues, uncovering more details about the disaster. James Cameron’s blockbuster with a number of academy and Oscars brought the Titanic into the pop culture, and ever since it has become an integral part of new age.

Δευτέρα, 8 Αυγούστου 2016

If only I had known what he would turn out to be’- A VC hero who held Hitler at gunpoint – and let him go


The military code of conduct changes over time. During WWI, one would expect that despite the horrifying circumstances, wounded enemies should not be shot down like clay pigeons. Nevertheless, that is exactly what had happened most of the time. Private Henry Tandey thought otherwise.
Henry Tandey was born into a military family in 1891. On 12 August 1910, he joined the Green Howards line infantry regiment of the British Army. Prior to the outbreak of WWI, he was posted in Guernsey and South Africa.
His achievements made him the single most decorated private soldier in WWI. In October 1914, he took part in the battle of Ypres in Belgium, where the British forces suffered great casualties from the German enemy. The ending scene with Tandey carrying a soldier wounded in this battle with no clear outcome was later depicted by an Italian artist, Fortunino Matania. Years later, this picture will be in the spotlight of an international controversy that will haunt Tandey for the rest of his life.
Matania’s painting shows Henry Tandey carrying a wounded colleague (Trustees of the Green Howards Museum). Source
Matania’s painting shows Henry Tandey carrying a wounded colleague (Trustees of the Green Howards Museum). Source
Two years later, in August 1916, he fought in France, in the Second Battle of Cambrai during the Hundred Days Offensive. His resoluteness in storming across the no man’s land in order to bomb the German trenches and the subsequent capturing of 20 prisoners earned him the Distinguished Conduct Medal. Two weeks later, he repeated the scenario, returning with a bunch of prisoners yet again. This earned him the Military Medal.

Κυριακή, 7 Αυγούστου 2016

Reign of terror


Queen Elizabeth c. 1592, after Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger
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The focus of this “partial” biography is the final two decades of Elizabeth I’s reign. Elizabeth’s biographers have, John Guy claims, tended to examine these years only fleetingly; beyond the Spanish Armada of 1588 they run out of steam or merely accept unquestioningly the image of Gloriana and her enduring popularity and success. That narrative, Guy argues, remains heavily influenced by the work of William Camden, Elizabeth’s first biographer, whose hagiographical Annales (or The History of Elizabeth), completed in 1617, together with Sir John Neale’s highly influential Queen Elizabeth (1934), published more than three centuries later, represent an enduring tradition of uncritically celebrating “Good Queen Bess”. Guy’s intention is to puncture this mythmaking and build directly on the work of Lytton Strachey, whose bestselling Elizabeth and Essex (1928) sought to present a very different, emotionally tortured Queen, whose reign falls into two distinct parts. After twenty-five years of rule, Strachey observed, “the kaleidoscope shifted; the old ways, the old actors, were swept off with the wreckage of the Armada”. It is from where Strachey “blazed a trail” that Guy aims “to strike out”.

Σάββατο, 6 Αυγούστου 2016

"The machine guns mowed down almost all of them": July 19, 1916, in the Ox and Bucks Light Infantry



AT 5.40pm on July 19, 1916, 100 men from the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry filed out into No Man's Land and lay down.
Twenty minutes later, with a cheer, they leapt up and threw themselves on the enemy's trenches. The machine guns mowed down almost all of them.

2 Αυγούστου: Ημέρα μνήμης για το ολοκαύτωμα των Ρομά από τους ναζί

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Τη νύχτα 2 προς 3 Αυγούστου του 1944, στάλθηκαν μαζικά στους θαλάμους αερίων οι τελευταίοι 3.000 Ρομά κρατούμενοι στο στρατόπεδο συγκέντρωσης Άουσβιτς-Μπίρκεναου. Συνολικά, υπολογίζεται ότι στη διάρκεια του Ολοκαυτώματος θανατώθηκαν από τους ναζί περίπου 250.000 Ρομά (άλλες εκτιμήσεις ανεβάζουν τον αριθμό στο μισό εκατομμύριο).
Ακολουθεί ένα animation που συνοψίζει την ιστορία των Ρομά:

Παρασκευή, 5 Αυγούστου 2016

Vatican Digitizes a 1,600-Year-Old Illuminated Manuscript of the ‘Aeneid’


From the Vatican Virgil (c. 400) (all images courtesy the Vatican Library)
In Rome, around the year 400, a scribe and three painters created an illuminated manuscript of Virgil’s Aeneid, illustrating the ancient hero Aeneas’ journey from Troy to Italy. 1,600 years later, the Vatican has digitized the surviving fragments of this manuscript. Known as the Vergilius Vaticanus, it’s one of the world’s oldest versions of the Latin epic poem, and you can browse it for free online.