Σάββατο, 4 Ιουνίου 2016

An unlikely Union spy- Elizabeth Van Lew developed an extensive spy ring during the Civil War

 
During the Civil War, while the Union and Confederate officers were busy fighting a war, the women from both sides began gathering  crucial information about the enemy and served as a undercover agents. Over the course of the war, both sides began recruiting women as operatives to provide them with critical information on their enemy’s military strategy.
One of the most renowned Union spys was Elizabeth Van Lew.
Elizabeth Van Lew was born on October 25, 1818, in Richmond, Virginia to John Van Lew and Eliza Baker, whose father was Hilary Baker, mayor of Philadelphia from 1796 to 1798. Elizabeth’s father came to Richmond in 1806 at the age of 16 and, within twenty years, had built up a prosperous hardware business and owned several slaves.
220px-ElizabethVanLew
Her family sent Elizabeth to Philadelphia for her education at a Quaker school, which reinformed her abolitionist sentiments. When her father died in 1843, Elizabeth’s brother John Newton Van Lew took over the business and the family freed their nine slaves, despite John’s misgivings. Many of the emancipated slaves continued as paid servants with the family, including the young future Union spy Mary Bowser. In the depths of the 1837-44 depression, Elizabeth used her entire cash inheritance of $10,000 (nearly $200,000 in current money) to purchase and free some of their former slaves’ relatives. For years thereafter, Elizabeth’s brother was a regular visitor to Richmond’s slave market, where, when a family was about to be split up, he would purchase them all, bring them home, and issue papers of manumission.

This 2000-year-old helmet was dredged from the bed of the River Thames close to Waterloo Bridge & one of only three Iron Age helmets found in England.



The Waterloo Helmet is one of only three Iron Age helmets found in England and also the only horned helmet dating to the Iron Age to have been found anywhere in Europe. However, there are several Iron Age depictions of people wearing horned helmets from elsewhere in Europe. The  pre-Roman ceremonial horned helmet with repoussé decoration in the La Tène style, dating to circa 150–50 BC, that was found in 1868 in the River Thames by Waterloo Bridge in London, England.

Horned helmet found in the River Thames at Waterloo Bridge, known as the Waterloo Helmet, now in the British Museum.Source
Horned helmet found in the River Thames at Waterloo Bridge, known as the Waterloo Helmet, now in the British Museum.Source
The helmet was dredged from the bed of the River Thames close to Waterloo Bridge in 1868, and in March of the same year it was given on loan to the British Museum by Thames Conservancy.
The main part of the helmet is constructed from two sheets of bronze, one forming the front and one the back of the helmet, that are riveted together at the sides and top. A separate crescent-shaped bronze piece is riveted to the bottom of the front sheet, and two conical bronze horns with terminal knobs are riveted to the top of the helmet. A decorative strip with a row of rivets overlays the join between the front and back sheets, and goes around the base of the horns. At the end of the strip, on both sides of the helmet, is a ring fitting for a chin-strap or cheek piece. There are a number of small holes around the bottom edge, which may have been used to attach a lining.

Μαχητικά του αεροπλανοφόρου «Harry S Truman» χτύπησαν σε Ιράκ και Συρία



Βομβαρδισμοί

Αμερικανικά μαχητικά, που απογειώθηκαν από το αεροπλανοφόρο USS Harry S Truman το οποίο βρίσκεται στη Μεσόγειο, έπληξαν την Παρασκευή θέσεις των τζιχαντιστών του Ισλαμικού Κράτους στη Μέση Ανατολή.
Είναι η πρώτη φορά από τον πόλεμο στο Ιράκ το 2003 που αμερικανικό αεροπλανοφόρο βομβαρδίζει στόχους στη Μέση Ανατολή από τη Μεσόγειο.
Το μαχητικά ξεκίνησαν τους βομβαρδισμούς μόλις το αεροπλανοφόρο USS Harry S Truman εισήλθε στη Μεσόγειο μέσω της Διώρυγας του Σουέζ, όπως ανακοίνωσε το αμερικανικό Πολεμικό Ναυτικό, χωρίς όμως να δώσει περισσότερες λεπτομέρειες για τους στόχους που επλήγησαν ή αν αυτοί ήταν στο Ιράκ και τη Συρία.
Ωστόσο, το Πολεμικό Ναυτικό των ΗΠΑ δεν έδωσε στη δημοσιότητα λεπτομέρειες για τους στόχους και το αποτέλεσμα των επιχειρήσεων.
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