Πέμπτη, 9 Φεβρουαρίου 2012

Ἀναγράφω... - Γ. Ρίτσος - Χωρίς Αντίβαρο


Ἀναγράφω... - Γ. Ρίτσος - Χωρίς Αντίβαρο

Link to Ἀναγράφω...


Posted: 09 Feb 2012 02:09 AM PST
Ένα ολιγόστιχο ποιητικό σχόλιο του Γιάννη Ρίτσου γραμμένο, τότε, στην χούντα των Συνταγματαρχών που γυρίζει σήμερα, ίδιο, σε μια επανάληψη σχεδόν ειρωνική και οδυνηρή.  Χωρίς αντίβαρο τότε, χωρίς αντίβαρο και σήμερα:



ΧΩΡΙΣ ΑΝΤΙΒΑΡΟ


Ἀηδία, - λέει - ἀηδία˙ κλεῖσε τ᾽αὐτιά, τὰ ῤουθούνια, τὰ μάτια.
Ν᾽ἀκούσεις τί; Νὰ δεῖς τί; Ἑφτὰ σφαῖρες, ὀχτώ σφαῖρες.
Κι ὁ δολοφόνος δολοφονημένος, κι ὁ ἄλλος τὸ ἴδιο,
κ᾽ ἐδῶ κ᾽ ἐκεί. Πρὸς τὰ ποῦ νὰ κοιτάξεις; Τί ν᾽ ἀντιπαραθέσεις;
Σκισμένες ὅλες οἱ σημαῖες κατὰ μῆκος ὅλου τοῦ χρόνου,
καὶ μήτε μιὰ σ᾽ ἕνα μπαλκόνι ψηλὰ νὰ χαμηλώσεις μεσίστια.
Παλιὲς ἐφημερίδες ἐπιπλέουν στὰ νερά, πλάϊ στοὺς πνιγμένους.

5.VI.68

Από την τριπλή συλλογή Πέτρες, Επαναλήψεις, Κιγκλίδωμα


Αηδία. Σημαίες σκισμένες, λέξεις δολοφονημένες, εφημερίδες παλιές δίπλα στους νεκρούς. Και η λέξη γυρίζει δευτερη φορά: «Ἀηδία». Και το ερώτημα: «Τί ν᾽ ἀντιπαραθέσεις;»
Ερώτημα που μένει αναπάντητο μέσα στην εκκωφαντική σιωπή της απραξίας πνιγμένων πτωμάτων. Το πένθος και αυτό αδύνατο, απαγορευμένο. Δεν υπάρχει χώρος, δεν υπάρχει χρόνος για τέτοια, δεν υπάρχουν πια σύμβολα κοινά, η έννοια του ιερού.

Αυτό που απομένει είναι η νεκρική σιωπή της αποδόμησης, και ίσως ένα ερώτημα που μένει τσακισμένο μέσα στον λάρυγγα... μα πώς;... ως πότε;

α.α.









Russian Liberation Army (Wikipedia,)


Russian Liberation Army

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Russian Liberation Army
(RussianРусская освободительная армия),
(GermanRussische Befreiungsarmee)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-N0301-503, General Wlassow mit Soldaten der ROA.jpg
Gen. Vlasov and soldiers of the RLA
Active1944 (officially) - 1945
AllegianceNazi Germany Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia[1]
TypeInfantry
Air force
SizeCorps
EngagementsWorld War II
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Andrey Andreyevich Vlasov
Russian Liberation Army (Russian: Russkaya osvoboditel'naya armiyaРусская освободительная армия, abbreviated in Cyrillic as РОА, in Latin as ROA, also known as the Vlasov army) was a group of predominantly Russian forces subordinated to the Nazi German high command during World War II.
The ROA was organized by former Red Army general Andrey Vlasov, who tried to unite anti-communist Russians opposed to thecommunist regime. Amidst the volunteers were Soviet prisoners of war, and White Russian émigrés (some of whom were veterans of the anticommunist White Army during the Russian Civil War). On 14 November 1944 it was officially renamed theArmed Forces of the Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia (VS-KONR). On 28 January 1945, it was officially declared that the Russian divisions no longer formed part of the German Army, but would directly be under the command of KONR.[1]

Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana (Wikipedia,)


Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wing emblem of the A.N.R. from 1944 to 1945.
The National Republican Air Force (Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana, or ANR) was the air force of the Italian Social Republicduring World War II, closely linked with the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) in northern Italy.

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[edit]Description

This air force was tasked with defending the industrial areas of the region, intercepting Allied bombers en route to southern Germany and the allied and occupied territories of the Axis, and giving close support to German and Italian land forces. Later during the war various units served with German forces based at Spilve, near Riga (Reichskommissariat Ostland), on the northern Russian Front, amongst others in the central and south area (Crimea) on the front.
The ANR, after the 1943 armistice that divided Italy, received numbers of Italian aircraft, later augmented with their own local production, and further aircraft from Germany. This force was opposed to the Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force (Aviazione Cobelligerante Italiana, or ACI, or Aeronautica Cobelligerante del Sud), the Italian pro-Allied air force, though they never actually met in combat.
Combat operations began in December 1943, leading, in the following January, to the attack performed by the 1st Squadriglia "Asso di Bastoni", against a formation of US P-38 Lightnings, three of which were shot down. Starting from June 1944, ANR started to receive Messerschmitt Bf 109G-6s for its fighter force. From October 1944 to February 1945, when the 1st Fighter Group "Asso di Bastoni" returned from training in Germany, 2nd Fighter Group "Gigi Tre Osei" was the only ANR fighter unit active in the defence of the northern Italian territory. From mid-1944, the casualty ratio started to outbalance the victories of the Italian pilots. The last interception missions were carried on 19 April 1945.
Bomber units included the Gruppo Aerosiluranti "Buscaglia Faggioni", led by Carlo Faggioni and entitled to Carlo Emanuele Buscaglia who, at the time, was presumed dead but was instead held in an Allied Prisoner of War camp and later fought with the Aeronautica Cobelligerante. The unit, using old Savoia-Marchetti SM.79, performed several raids against the Alliedbridgehead of Anzio. Its only two victories were the sinking of a British transport ship north of Benghazi (at the time the group was based in Greece), and an enemy cargo off Rimini on 5 February 1945.

Fiat G.55 Centauro in ANR livery, exhibited at the Aeronautica Militare Vigna di Valle museum.

[edit]Units

  • 1° Gruppo Caccia Asso di Bastoni
    • 1ª Squadriglia "Asso di bastoni"
    • 2ª Squadriglia "Vespa incacchiata"
    • 3ª Squadriglia "Arciere"
  • 2° Gruppo Caccia "Gigi Tre Osei"
    • 1ª Squadriglia “Gigi Tre Osei”
    • 2ª Squadriglia “Diavoli Rossi”
    • 3ª Squadriglia “Gamba di Ferro”, later "Diavoli"
  • 3° Gruppo Caccia "Francesco Baracca" (never become operational)
  • Squadriglia complementare d’allarme “Montefusco-Bonet”.
  • Gruppo Aerosiluranti Buscaglia Faggioni
  • 1° Gruppo Aerotrasporti "Trabucchi". Fought under Luftwaffe command in the Eastern Front, and was disbanded in the Summer 1944
  • 2° Gruppo Aerotrasporti "Terraciano" (performed only training)

Flag used on aircraft's fuselages from October 1943 to May 1945.

[edit]Aircraft

[edit]See also

[edit]Sources

  • D'Amico, F. and G. Valentini. Regia Aeronautica Vol. 2: Pictorial History of the Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana and the Italian Co-Belligerent Air Frce, 1943-1945. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1986. ISBN 0-89747-185-7.
  • Sgarlato, Nico. Italian Aircraft of World War II. Warren, Michigan: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1979. ISBN 0-89747-086-9.

Military history of Italy during World War II (Wikipedia,)


Military history of Italy during World War II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The maximum extent of the Italian Empire - pink areas were held for just brief periods of time.
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Italy Portal
During World War II (1939–1945), the Kingdom of Italy had a varied and tumultuous military history. Defeated in GreeceFrance,East Africa and North Africa, the Italian invasion of British Somaliland was one of the only successful Italian campaigns of World War II accomplished without German support.
In addition to the official Italian Army which fought under Benito Mussolini, many Italians in 1943-45 fought for the Allied cause in the Italian Co-Belligerent Army (which at its height numbered more than 50,000 men) and the Italian Resistance Movement.

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