Τρίτη, 29 Μαρτίου 2016


A)Syrian Army Liberates Ancient City of Palmyra from ISIS [UPDATED]
The Arch of Triump, as photographed following Palmyra's liberation (photo by Maher Mouaness, all via Directorate-General of Antiquities & Museums Syria, used under CC BY-SA 4.0 license)
The Arch of Triumph, as photographed after Palmyra’s liberation (photo by Maher Mouaness, all via Directorate-General of Antiquities & Museums Syria, used under CC BY-SA 4.0 license)

«Όργανο του διεθνούς κομμουνισμού» ο Σεφέρης…

image001«Όργανο του διεθνούς κομμουνισμού», έτσι χαρακτήρισε τον Γεώργιο Σεφέρη η Χούντα μετά τη γνωστή δήλωση του ποιητή, στις 28 Μάρτη 1969 ενάντια στη δικτατορία, η οποία μεταδόθηκε ραδιοφωνικά σε όλο τον κόσμο.
Ο Γ. Σεφέρης που μετά την 21ηΑπρίλη 1967 είχε σιωπήσει και ποιητικά εις ένδειξη διαμαρτυρίας, αποφασίζει να σπάσει τη σιωπή του και να μιλήσει ανοιχτά κατά των Συνταγματαρχών. Μαγνητοφωνεί μία δήλωση, στην οποία, μεταξύ άλλων, ο τιμημένος με Νόμπελ ποιητής, υψώνει τη φωνή του για να καταγγείλει το στρατιωτικό καθεστώς της 21ηςΑπρίλη οδηγεί τη χώρα  στο γκρεμό: «Όλοι πια το διδάχτηκαν και το ξέρουν πως στις δικτατορικές καταστάσεις, η αρχή μπορεί να μοιάζει εύκολη, όμως η τραγωδία περιμένει, αναπότρεπτη, στο τέλος».

Η κασέτα φθάνει λαθραία στο Λονδίνο και αυθημερόν η δήλωσή του μεταδίδεται από την Ελληνική Υπηρεσία του BBC, ενώ αναμεταδίδεται από τον ραδιοφωνικό σταθμό του Παρισιού και την «Ντόιτσε Βέλε». Η δήλωσε συγκλόνισε την ελληνική και διεθνή κοινή γνώμη μιας και ο ξένος Τύπος και το ραδιόφωνο έδωσαν ευρύτατη δημοσιότητα στη δήλωση (και τις επόμενες μέρες και στην απάντηση των Χουντικών).

Ανακαλύφθηκε το ψηλότερο βουνό στον Τιτάνα με ύψος 3.337 μέτρα

Ανακαλύφθηκε το ψηλότερο βουνό στον Τιτάνα με ύψος 3.337 μέτρα

Στα Όρη Μιθρίμ

Οι διαστημικοί ορειβάτες του μέλλοντος θα έχουν δουλειά στον Τιτάνα, τον μεγαλύτερο δορυφόρο του Κρόνου, αφού η Αμερικανική Διαστημική Υπηρεσία (NASA) ανακοίνωσε ότι το ραντάρ στο σκάφος

Η ζωή στο Διάστημα εξασθενεί το ανοσοποιητικό σύστημα

Επιστήμη / Διάστημα
Η ζωή στο Διάστημα εξασθενεί το ανοσοποιητικό σύστημα

Εμπειρίες αστροναυτών

Όσο κι αν η ζωή στο Διάστημα είναι μια μοναδική εμπειρία, έχει το δικό της τίμημα για το σώμα του ανθρώπου. Σύμφωνα με τον Ευρωπαϊκό Οργανισμό Διαστήματος (ESA), οι μισοί αστροναύτες επιστρέφουν από τον Διεθνή Διαστημικό Σταθμό (ISS) με ασθενέστερο ανοσοποιητικό σύστημα. Όπως χαρακτηριστικά δήλωσε ο αστροναύτης της ESA και γιατρός Αντρέ Κάιπερς, που έμεινε έξι μήνες στο διάστημα, «πίσω στη Γη ένιωθα 100 ετών για μερικούς μήνες».
Μια σειρά από επιστημονικά πειράματα της ESA μελετούν γιατί συμβαίνει αυτό, με πιο πρόσφατο το Immuno, που έφερε στο φως εντυπωσιακές αλλαγές στα ανοσοποιητικά συστήματα των αστροναυτών.

Top 10 Most Bizarre Tanks Ever Built

The 10 Most Bizarre Tanks Ever Built-1
(1) Designer’s model of the Soviet tank with glider wing, ‘Antonov A-40‘ photographed in 1942. The flying tank had one semi-successful test flight (2) ZIL-2906, the screw drive vehicle (3) Front view of the Churchill Crocodile Flamethrower tank, showing the hooded flame throwing nozzle next to the viewing hatch of the driver (4) The surviving Praying Mantis prototype at Bovington Tank Museum in Dorset
Tanks are designed for front-line combat. These strong armored fighting vehicles are a pivotal part of any land forces in warfare. Tanks can be used in both offensive and defensive situations. With the help of the large-caliber cannon fitted to its rotating turret, the tank can take hold of and dominate an area and prevent the advancement of enemy vehicles during combat. Modern tanks have gone through a century of development from the early armored war vehicles.
The following 10 most bizarre tanks which, among many freakish tank designs, were actually constructed. Some militaries possess bigger dreams than others. However, not surprisingly, most of these ludicrous tanks never saw substantial action in the battlefield.

Microsoft’s AI Chatbot Tay Terminated after Turning Nazi

Tay tweets
Microsoft had to shut its AI chatbot named Tay less than 24 hours after she was launched. The reasons? She turned Nazi and harassed others through her tweets.
AI [Artificial Intelligence] chatbots are not a novel thing. In China, particularly, an AI chatbot had been in existence since 2014. Currently, Xiaolce, as she is named, has over 40 million conversations over the net and she looks like she’s going smoothly. Microsoft, in a bid to emulate the success of this Chinese model albeit in a different culture, created its own version — Tay.

Short animation demonstrates the superb organization of the ancient Roman Army

The ancient Roman army was known for its sheer discipline and incredible organizational depth. Pertaining to the latter ‘quality’, an animated short video by Blair Harrower aptly demonstrates how the Romans organized their army down to the last details when it came to troop-types, corresponding officers and their formations, thus alluding to an impressive tactical scope that was matched by very few ancient armies. Now it should be noted that the animation showcases the scope of post Marian reforms – a military system overhaul that only took place after 107 BC (thus corresponding to the late Roman Republic and the subsequent Roman Empire).

Length of service and discord –

Now while the video does provide some solid, unwavering numbers when it came to Roman legionaries, in actual scenarios the situations faced by the Roman army were often more chaotic. During the latter part of 1st century BC, Augustus followed the guidelines of the preceding centuries, and officially formalized the length of service of a legionary to 16 years (in 13 BC). But it should be noted that even after 16 years of service, he was expected to join the vexillum veteranorum or unit of veterans for four more years. However, by 6 AD, the initial length of service was increased to 20 years, and it was complemented by the praemia militare (or discharge bonus), a lump sum that was increased to 12,000 sesterces (or 3,000 denarii). And by the middle of 1st century AD, the service was further extended to 25 years. Now beyond official service lengths, the protocols were rarely followed in times marked by wars. This resulted in retaining of the legionaries well beyond their service periods, with some men fighting under their legions for over three to four decades. Suffice it to say, such chaotic measures frequently resulted in mutinies.
As for pay, other than the lump sum of praemia militare, a basic legionary was paid 900 sesterces per year (paid in three installments). This pay scale remained the same till at least 80 AD, in spite of presumed inflation. However the pay differed for the various units in a legion, with under-officers and specialists being paid one-and-a-half or twice the basic pay grade. And furthermore, this pay figure was only a nominal value from which various deductions were made in accordance to the goods (like food, equipment, attires and even burial fees) consumed by the legionary. Still there were cases when the legionary was paid less than he deserved, and sometimes the ‘swindling’ measures were initiated by giving the soldiers worthless parcels of land instead of the praemia militare.

Bonding beyond numbers –

The video clearly mentions how a contubernium was the smallest division in a Roman army. Now beyond discipline and training, one of the crucial reasons for the effectiveness of a legionary was directly related to his sense of fraternity within a century (made of 80 men). So on a deeper level, a century (centuria) was further divided into ten contubernium (a ‘tent group’, each consisting of eight members). Such classifications basically led to an behavioral aspect of comradeship among the tent group who fought, dined and rested together in their military careers spanning over decades. This sense of identification often translated to high morale and protectiveness on the part of the legionaries when fighting in an actual battleground.
Interestingly, the bonding exercises were not just limited to the contubernium. The Roman army also had a system of rontubernium, which basically entailed a mess group. These grouped soldiers were expected to cook their own meals and eat them together (while the cost of food was deducted from their salaries). Simply put, the absence of mess halls and catering services rather solidified the bond between the legionaries who had to depend on each other even for peaceful meals.

Other specialized units –

As we mentioned before, a legionary was only considered as a veteran after he had served for 16 years in the army. In the 1st century AD, even after such a long period of service, the soldier was not expected to ‘retire’ from his legion. Instead the veteran was reinstated to a special unit of vexillum veteranorum for four more years of service. Typically consisting of 500 to 600 men, the Roman army unit had its own administrative branch with different officers. It was however attached to the original legion, but at times were deployed independently. The latter case is evident from their separate garrison at the town of Thala, with this particular vexillum veteranorum being derived from legio III Augusta in 20 AD. Unsurprisingly, the veterans with their years of experience were highly successful against the onslaught of Tacfarinas and his Numidian forces.

The 6 Most Fascinating Pieces Of Technology Used in The American Civil War

by War History Online

Civil War
Wars throughout the decades have been accelerators of new technology. However, looking at the American Civil War, it is not what we see today. The Civil War soldiers’ technology? Guns, railroads, and photography – not new or exciting compared to today, but still important for the time. Inventors and military people have implemented new weapons and even a submarine to help in battle.

Top 5 Best Military Bolt Action Rifles

Bolt Action Rifles
Bolt action rifles were the mainstays of armies across the globe for nearly over half a century, and today we pick what we believe to be the five best ever fielded. The list factors in effectiveness, fun factor, historical significance, and ease of use.
Mauser derivatives and predecessors to the 98 were excluded from the list, or it would have been 5 Mausers. Derivatives included the Arisaka series, Springfield M1903s, and the P14/M1917
All five of these guns are fantastic, and we recommend you get behind them should the opportunity present itself!

Heavy Tank Destroyer Ferdinand Facts & Images

by Joris Nieuwint

The Elefant was a heavy tank-hunter—a tank destroyer—of the German Wehrmacht during World War II.
It was built in small numbers in 1943 under the name Ferdinand after its designer Ferdinand Porsche, using tank hulls that had been produced for a cancelled German heavy tank design.
Porsche GmbH had manufactured about one hundred chassis for their unsuccessful proposal for the Tiger tank, the “Porsche Tiger”. Both the successful Henschel proposal and the Porsche design used the same Krupp-designed turret.
However, the Henschel design had its turret more-or-less centrally located on its hull, while the Porsche design placed the turret much closer to the front of the superstructure.
ELEFANT_Panzerjager_Tiger_P_Elefant_Sd.Kfz_.184Ferdinand Panzerjager Tiger (P) number 501, Eastern Front Operation Citadel 1943
Since the competing Henschel Tiger design was chosen for production, the Porsche chassis were no longer required for the Tiger tank project. It was therefore decided that the Porsche chassis were to be used as the basis of a new heavy tank destroyer, Ferdinand, mounting Krupp’s newly developed 88 mm Pak 43/2 anti-tank gun.

Charge Of The Light Brigade: Britain’s most famous Military Disaster

Charge Light Brigade
Storm’d at with shot and shell,
Boldly they rode and well,
Into the jaws of Death,
Into the mouth of Hell
Rode the six hundred
– From The Charge of the Light Brigade by Alfred, Lord Tennyson
The Charge of the Light Brigade, a disastrous and futile cavalry charge of the Crimean War, is the most famous military disaster in British history. Generations of British children have learned about a charge which would more reasonably only be remembered only by academics and historians.

British WWII Arctic Convoy Veterans Awarded Russian Ushakov Medal

A group of WWII veterans has been awarded the Russian Ushakov medal at an event in Doncaster, Lincolnshire County. The veterans, who are all now in their nineties, were awarded the Russian medal for their service on the hazardous Arctic convoys during World War II.
They were then invited to a lunch held in the mayor’s parlour at Grimsby Town Hall, where they had tea and cakes with the mayor of North East Lincolnshire, Councillor Cliff Barber, and told him stories about their experiences on the dangerous voyages they took part in, during the war.
Between 1941 and 1945 the veterans endured freezing weather conditions and the continual threat of bombardment from German torpedoes on board the Arctic convoys, which were responsible for delivering supplies to Soviet forces. The convoy’s journeys were considered so treacherous that Winston Churchill referred to each of the missions as “the worst journey in the world”.Many thousands of sailors died during these hazardous journeys.

Auschwitz Survivor Is Officialy Recognized As World’s Oldest Man

The Guinness World Records has certified an Israeli Auschwitz survivor as the world’s oldest living man.
Yisrael Kristal was born in 1903 near Zarnow, Poland, then part of the Russian Empire. He lived through two world wars before he moved to Haifa in Israel.
He turned 112 years and 178 days old on March 11, according to the Guinness Book of Records.
The previous oldest man was Yasutaro Koide from Japan. He died in January at the age of 112 years and 312 days.


Α)A strange and lonely hero, SS Officer Kurt Gerstein who tried to save Jews

One of the most horrifying testimonies from the horrors of the Holocaust was left by a conscience-stricken SS officer, Kurt Gerstein, who visited the deathcamps Belzec and Treblinka in August 1942 and witnessed the mass gassing of Jewish men, women and children. Gerstein was shocked by what he had seen. Yet, he realized that as a witness, his position was unique, and he was determined to expose what he knew to the world to stop the atrocities: “I was one of the handful of people who had seen every corner of the establishment, and certainly the only one to have visited it as an enemy of this gang of murderers …”

German actor Hardy Krüger fought for the SS in WWII.

Krüger was born in Wedding, Berlin in 1928. From 1941, he went to an Adolf Hitler School at the Ordensburg Sonthofen. At age 15, Hardy made his film début in a German picture, The Young Eagles, but his acting career was interrupted when he was conscripted into the German Wehrmacht in 1944 at age 16. In March 1945, Krüger was conscripted into the 38th SS Division Nibelungen, where he was drawn into heavy fighting before being captured by American forces.
Because of his archetypal Nordic German look, blond hair and blue eyes, Hardy Krüger often performed in roles portraying German soldiers.

Ο πλανήτης των πηθίκων, το θράσος χιλίων πηθίκων ή ο κύριος Γεωργιάδης μας περνά για ουρακοτάγκους «ανακαλύπτοντας» το δολοφονικό Ισλάμ;

Ο κύριος Γεωργιάδης, όπως και η Χρυσή Αυγή ανακάλυψαν πρόσφατα την ισλαμική τρομοκρατία. Μεχρι χθες όμως ηταν οι μεγαλύτεροι απολογητές του αντισημιτισμού, ξεπλένοντας τους ισλαμοφασιστες. Τωρα που πουλάει το «αντιισλάμ» το ανακάλυψαν και αυτοί…

«ΕΒΡΑΙΟΙ, ΟΛΗ Η ΑΛΗΘΕΙΑ» πούλαγε ο Γεωργιάδης την ώρα που βρέφη και ο Εβραίος πατέρας έπεφταν νεκρά από αντισημιτικά κτήνη.