Δευτέρα, 11 Απριλίου 2016

The Italian Breda Ba.88 “Lynx” – The Worst Operational Airplane Of WWII!





The Breda Ba.88 Lince (Italian for Lynx) was a totally failed ground-attack aircraft used by the Italian Regia Aeronautica during World War II.
It was a propaganda triumph when its appearance was trumpeted by Mussolini’s Fascist regime in 1936, the Breda Ba.88 Lince (Lynx), was a sleek all-metal shoulder-wing monoplane with a twin-engine power plant. The prototype, which had a single fin and rudder tail assembly and made its maiden flight during October 1936.


Breda Ba-88 Lince under construction
Breda Ba-88 Lince under construction
In April 1937, it established two world speed-over-distance records, averaging 321.25 mph over a 62-mile distance and 295.15 mph over a 621-mile circuit. In December of that year he raised these speeds to 344.24 mph and 325.6 mph respectively.
However, when military equipment was installed on production examples, problems of instability developed and the aeroplane’s general performance deteriorated.
Breda_Ba88
On 16 June 1940, just after Italy declared war on France and her allies, the Ba.88 faced combat for the first time. Twelve aircraft from the Regia Aeronautica’s 19° Gruppo Autonomo made bombing and strafing attacks on airfields on the island of Corsica;  after three days nine Ba.88s made another attack.
Analysis of these operations showed that the Ba,88 had only limited value, any remaining doubts were settled when Ba.88s of the 7° Gruppo Autonomo joined action in Libya against the British. When fitted with sand filters, the engines quickly overheated and failed to deliver their designed power.
Attacks on targets at Sidi Barram had to be aborted in September 1940, the aircraft failing to gain sufficient altitude or maintain formation, and reaching a speed less than half that claimed by the manufacturers.
By mid-November 1940 most surviving Ba.88s had been stripped of useful equipment and were scattered around operational airfields as decoys for attacking British aircraft.
During this time, however, further batches of Ba.88s were being delivered, comprising 19 built by Breda and 48 by I M A M (Meridionali). Most went straight to the scrapyard.
It represented, perhaps, the most remarkable failure of any operational aircraft to see service in World War II.
Breda_Ba.88_(1939)Image [Via]

Breda_Ba.88_line-upLineup of Italian Breda Ba.88 ground-attack aircraft
Ba88-MM4605-1bf+Image via vvsregiaavions.com
Ba88-12fLynx cockpit via vvsregiaavions.com
Ba88-14fImage via vvsregiaavions.com
Ba88-7fImage via vvsregiaavions.com
Ba88-5fImage via vvsregiaavions.com
Ba88-16fImage via vvsregiaavions.com

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